A Complete Guide to Python Web Development
Over the past decades, Python has been one of the go-to web development languages for developers. This language has transcended JAVA in many areas. In the current scenario, web development, machine learning, data analysis, etc. have increased tremendously. As a result, many developers have switched to Python due to its powerful and abundant libraries. The language is easy to learn and also has portability.
Needless to say, it’s best to become a Python developer today. If you are aiming to become one, Knowledgehut’s web development course syllabus will help you with this task. In this, you will learn and have in-depth knowledge of Python. You will learn new concepts and techniques to become successful Python developers.
In this article, we will cover everything about Python web development. So, without further ado, let’s start by knowing the basics, i.e. what web development is!
What is Web Development?
Web development newbies might be wondering what web development is. Well, web development is the process of creating, creating and maintaining web pages. Web development also involves frontend, backend and full-stack development.
Web development is widely used by developers and also has various advantages. Find out why Python is the best programming language for developing web applications.
Benefits of Python Web Development
Today, Python is one of the best programming languages used to create web applications. Here are the benefits of Python that every developer/individual should know about!
- Extremely easy to learn
Python is a popular language that is very easy to learn. A person who is starting to learn web development can start with Python. This language is based on Whitespacing which allows to write less code compared to many languages like C++, JAVA, SQL, etc. Python also has a low barrier of entry because it’s like an everyday language. Thus, one can easily understand the code and learn the language compared to other web programming languages.
- Abundant Libraries and Rich Ecosystems
Python includes many tools that help a developer access pre-written code. For example, a developer can access Panda/Numpy to analyze the mathematical aspect, Pygal for graphics, etc. Python also has some of the most amazing frameworks like Django and Flask.
- Widespread recognition
Python is one of the most popular languages across the world. Being the most recognized among developers, Python is updated from time to time with new features and libraries. Apart from that, the language also provides excellent documentation and community support. For new developers, Python offers support and frameworks to start their developer career.
- Fast prototype
Python takes less time to create projects than other languages. As a developer, your ideas can come to life much faster and easier. This will allow you to get feedback and recap quickly. This rapid prototyping makes Python a great language for startups that can hit the industry and gain a competitive edge.
Having known the advantages of Python in web development, let us now discuss frameworks in Python.
Web Frameworks in Python
A web framework is a collection of modules that includes pre-written codes and standardized codes to help develop web applications quickly and easily. Applications developed in Python are much more scalable and reliable.
Web frameworks in Python are only used in backend development like helping with URL routing, HTTP related queries, database access, etc. Web frameworks are recommended by everyone as they help in developing complex web applications in much less time.
Below are two of the popular frameworks in Python.
It is a Python web framework that helps in the rapid development of web applications. It is a fast, reliable and scalable open source framework. Django offers extensive documentation and extensive community support. It is incredibly fast and is often used by big companies like Instagram, Dropbox, Pinterest, etc.
Flask is considered a sober and light micro-soil. Flask only provides the components one needs to build an application in order to have adaptability and control. Flask is widespread and a powerful framework used by companies like LinkedIn, Uber, Netflix, etc.
These are the main web frameworks used in Python web development. These web frameworks help in creating complex applications quickly and easily.
Popular Python Libraries in Web Development
Many Python libraries are used for efficient web development. Every developer should keep a note of it. Here are the Python libraries:
As a developer, if you need a web crawler to extract data or information for web applications, then Scrapy is amazing for that. It is a widely used library for pattern discovery, automated test scraping and much more.
Zappa is another powerful Python library used to develop a Lambda-based application.
It is a popular Python library used to quickly send HTTP requests. This library is also used to link with an application, helping a developer to access data and HTML pages.
Another integral library is Dash. It is used to develop web applications to undertake the process of data visualization. Dash sits on top of Flask and offers features like pie charts, graphs, bar charts, dashboards, and more.
Being one of the most popular languages, Python has a lot more to offer than we know. According to the developers, Python is the simplest and most widely used programming language. Whether a beginner or a professional, this language is fast in delivering quality results.
Now that you have an idea of the web frameworks and libraries offered by Python, let us give you a roadmap for developing applications in Python.
Python web development roadmap
What are the concepts you need to learn to learn web development? To simplify, here is a roadmap for developing web applications in Python. Looked!
While starting with developing web pages, it is important to learn HTML and CSS. These are the two fundamental languages that every developer must learn to create web pages. It is best to learn how structural responsive pages can help you on your app development journey. It will be helpful to gain knowledge of concepts such as HTTP, browser, DNS, hosting, Internet, etc. It is also essential to know about CSS frameworks like Bootstrap and Materialize which help to speed up the development process.
- DOM and jQuery
After fully understanding the fundamentals and concepts of JAVA, another thing to learn is how to manipulate jQuery and DOM to make building web applications easier. By manipulating DOM and jQuery, you will learn how to create creative pages and websites.
- Front end
You don’t have to learn frontend frameworks like React to create a web application. But it is recommended to do so! It also helps to create beautiful SPAs. Often when developers intend to have front-end expertise, learning frameworks like React are an additional requirement for recruiters.
- Django + Database
With the help of Django, you will be able to create the right backend environment. Developers need to know about databases like SQLite, how to do HTTPS queries/requests, etc. With the combination of Django and the database, one can effectively create a complete web application.
The roadmap is not enough for developers who want to learn more about Python in web development. So next we will discuss how to create a Python web application. So let’s get started!
How to create a web application in Python?
In this section we will create a vial called the ‘Hi all’ application. So here is a step by step process for the same!
- Install the bottle
The first thing to do is install Flask. seed Where pip3 is used depending on the version of Python you are using. Here is the code:
Pip Install Flask
- Bottle request
The next step is to create a flask file called ‘hi.py.’ Use the code below:
from vial import
build = Flask(_name_)
return ‘Hi everyone!’
If__name__ == “_main_”;
This code will run the application and the variable will be initialized. Using these two steps, you will be able to create a flask in Python.
Python is one of the best languages that is simple and gives quick results. When it comes to creating dynamic and complex applications, nothing beats Python. In this article, we’ve covered everything you need to know about Python in web development.
If you are an aspiring developer and just starting your journey, we recommend you check out the best web development course curriculum. The program covers everything related to Python. With an in-depth knowledge of Python concepts, you will be able to acquire the relevant skills and knowledge that will help you become a successful developer!
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